Glossodynia

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Burning mouth syndrome also know as burning tongue, orodynia, scalded mouth, stomatodynia and glossodynia is a condition characterized by sensation of tongue pain , tongue discomfort and irritation of the oral mucous membrane, gums, lips, inside the cheeks and roof of the mouth.

What causes the Glossodynia?

  • Nutritional deficiencies (Iron, B12, Folic acid)
  • Candidiasis (oral thrush)
  • Dry mouth
  • Geographic tongue
  • Trauma of tongue
  •  Oral cancer
  • Lingual artery atherosclerosis
  •  hyperacidity
  •  Periodontal disease
  • Diabetes
  • Sjogren’s syndrome
  •  Rheumatoid arthritis
  •  Hypothyroidism
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  •  Cancerphobia

What are the signs and symptoms of Glossodynia?

  1. Burning sensation of tongue, lips, gums , oral mucosa
  2. Mouth pain increased during the end of the day.
  3. Sensation of dry mouth
  4. Tingling sensation of the mouth or tongue
  5. Sore mouth
  6. Loss of taste
  7. Difficulty of chewing , swallowing
  8. Tongue swelling
  9. Increased thirst
  10. Mood change
  11. Anxiety
  12. Depression

How is Glossodynia diagnosed ?

Diagnosis relies on clinical findings . Laboratory and imaging test help to rule out other problems before diagnosis the glossodynia .

How is Glossodynia managed?

There is no cure of glossodynia ,treatment help to reduce the signs and symptoms. Treatment include:

  1. Good oral hygiene
  2. Drink more fluids
  3. Stop smoking
  4. Avoid alcohol ,spicy food and acidic foods
  5. Regular exercise
  6. Clonazepal ,tricycle antidepressants an anticonvulsant may effective in glossodynia.
  7. Alpha-Lipoic acid
  8. Vitamin B
  9. Oral rinses
  10. Mouthwashes
  11. Local anesthesia like capsaicin
  12. Treatment of primary diseases.

References:

  • http://www.dentistry.com
  • http://en.wikipedia.org
  • http://www.mayoclinic.com
  • https://health.google.com

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